Percurso da Serra Amarela

NAME OF INTEREST - Gorse-heath 3 and thyme

CONCEPT - Natural Heritage

These heaths form habitat 4030pt3 (heath or non-littoral Mediterranean gorse-heath), dominated in the National Park by heathers or dwarf gorse (Ulex minor), being included in European dry heathlands. This habitat, commonly called scrub, is encouraged by the presence of acidic rocks and frequent, heavy rainfall, but even more by relatively frequent fires. In this particular spot the most common species present are dwarf gorse (Ulex minor), common heather (Calluna vulgaris) and genist (Pterospartum tridentatum).
In the small clearings in the scrub is found another habitat (thyme – 8230pt1) dominated by wild thyme (Thymus caespititius).
This patchwork of habitats supports a considerable faunal biodiversity, it being possible to see mammals (such as the wolf (Canis lupus), deer (Capreolus capreolus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa)), birds (such as Dartford warbler (Sylvia undata) and the stonechat (Saxicola torquata) and reptiles (such as the large psammodromus lizard (Psammodromus algirus) and Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei)).